A careful and critical reading of the Pentateuch shows that this process of incorporating and reinterpreting the past continued throughout the history of Israel (Blenkinsopp, 1998).

Through critical evaluation there is profound evidence the Pentateuch, being a collection of historical events, oracle reconstructions, and writings; has been re-written and re-structured throughout history. An historical or theological reading of Scripture must take this into account. Reading the Pentateuch with a synchronic or diachronic lens must emphasize the Living Word in its current form has been willed by God.

Most engaging for me while reading this article was reference to the religious qualification God made at creation (Gen 1 :26-28) and the everlasting covenant with the new humanity after the flood (Gen 9:8-17), with all His creation. As all covenants include at least two parties, this is a constant reminder that God seeks and will come into relationship with anyone whom accepts His love.

As one deliberates over the reconstructions of the Pentateuch, with issues such as God fulfilling promises with His people, one must consider the overarching message desired by God’s inspired human reconstructions. Reconstructions such as when Deuteronomy ends or a message on being “lost” and legitimizing institutional life in community, Gods character of gift and grace is always revealed.

The Action of the Holy Spirit not only made sacred writing of the text, but extends into the complex histories of literary tradition, the redaction of texts, and the compilation of texts. Likewise, the Holy Spirit anointed the process of canonization and interpretation of the texts.  The work of the Holy Spirit continues throughout human history as the church has read, studied, preached, and taught the Scriptures (John Wesley, 1829).

The same Spirit who filled the Incarnate Word, fills the written Word. …The Bible does not have the ontological status as the Incarnate Word. It is not divine [but is Holy!]…Scripture has its own genuine reality…The Bible is … very much a human document written by human hands. And, it reveals a very messy human history. … [But] the Spirit of God fills this document, making it alive and radiating with the presence of the triune God (Cheryl Bridges Johns, 2014).

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